A novel spectrometer achieves a resolution of about 40pm across the entire visible spectrum, which is between 350nm and 650nm.
This is possible by evaluating the incidenting light on a two dimensional detector. In one direction ("coarse resolution") a transmission grating and/or a prism delivers a resolution of about 0.5nm. Each of those 0.5nm wide spectral intervals is then finely resolved along the second direction by using an etalon ("fine resolution"), which results in up to 20000 spectral channels.
In the following the essential principles of functoning and the results obtained from a joint ZIM-project are presented.
The principle of the spectrometer is to generate two distinct resolutions (coarse and fine) on a two dimensional image sensor.
Along one of the axes, the incidenting light is fanned out with a relatively coarse resolution of about 0.5nm by using a grating and a prism (left).
Perpendicular to the first axis, the light hits an etalon at varying angles where each spectral range can be broken up much finer (middle and right).